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Pennsylvania Wild Turkey Population Trend

Mary Jo Casalena
Game Commission Wild Turkey Biologist
January 2014

Eastern wild turkey populations across their range have recently been trending downward and Pennsylvania's wild turkey population is showing the same trend.  There are several reasons for the decline: the natural leveling off of the populations following population restoration from trap and transfer, fluctuations due to annual nest success and poult survival, fall harvests and changing environmental conditions.  Our challenge as wildlife managers is to determine what the new sustainable population level should be given current and future socio-environmental conditions.  Wild turkey populations have been below average for the last four years.